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Understanding Gum Disease: The Silent Threat to Your Smile

Gum disease, clinically known as periodontal disease, is one of the most widespread dental health issues globally. Yet, its slow progression and often painless symptoms make it a silent threat. Dr. Stephen Cheung at STEPHEN CHEUNG DDS aims to shed light on this ailment, emphasizing its prevention and treatment.


Gum disease begins as an inflammation of the gums, primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque at the gumline. Left untreated, this inflammation can progress, leading to tooth loss and potentially impacting overall health.


  1. Gingivitis: The earliest stage, characterized by red, swollen gums that might bleed during brushing. It’s reversible with proper oral care.
  2. Periodontitis: If gingivitis isn’t addressed, the condition can escalate. Gums start to recede, creating pockets that can become infected. Damage at this stage is irreversible, but can be managed.
  3. Advanced Periodontitis: The most severe stage, where the fibers and bone supporting your teeth are destroyed. It can lead to shifting or loss of teeth.



While poor oral hygiene is a major culprit, other factors, including smoking, diabetes, hormonal changes, and even genetics, can predispose individuals to gum disease.


Dr. Cheung offers a range of treatments depending on the severity:

  • Professional Cleaning: Crucial for removing tartar and educating patients about oral hygiene.
  • Scaling and Root Planing: A deep cleaning procedure where tartar is scraped off from above and below the gum line.
  • Medications: Antimicrobial mouth rinses or oral antibiotics can help reduce bacteria and inflammation.
  • Surgical Treatments: For advanced cases, procedures like flap surgery or bone and tissue grafts might be necessary.



Gum disease might be a silent attacker, but with regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene practices, it can be kept at bay. If you’re concerned about your gum health, don’t hesitate to visit STEPHEN CHEUNG DDS at 1420 South Mills Avenue Suite D, Lodi, California 95242, or get in touch at (209) 369-3617 or [email protected].

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